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Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plan

The Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan task is part of the Aboveground Petroleum Storage compliance program.

5-Year SPCC Re-certification APSA Icon

Overview

This Complyrpedia explains California SPCC environmental compliance.

Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure plans are the key element of compliance in the Aboveground Petroleum Storage Act

From Wikipedia:

“The SPCC Rule applies to all facilities that store, handle, process, gather, transfer, refine, distribute, use or consume oil or oil products. Oil products includes petroleum and non-petroleum oils as well as: animal fats, oils and greases; fish and marine mammal oils; and vegetable oils. It mandates a written plan for facilities that store more than 1,320 gallons of fuel aboveground or more than 42,000 gallons below-ground, and which might discharge to navigable waters (as defined in the Clean Water Act) or adjoining shorelines. Secondary spill containment is mandated at oil storage facilities and oil release containment is required at oil development sites.” (Wikipedia).

The law recognizes that aboveground petroleum storage facilities are not created equal. In response to this, facilities that fulfill certain requirements can produce plans that do not need to be certified by a certified engineer. These self-certified plans are known as “tier qualified” facilities.

Tiered Facility Qualifying Criteria

Storage Volumes

Facilities with less 10,000 gallons of stored petroleum can self-certify an SPCC. Larger facilities require a Professional Engineer (PE) to certify their plan.
Storage Volume    Largest Tank   Plan Type / Certification Requirements
< 10,001 gallons < 5,001 gallons Tier 1 Qualified / Self-Certified
< 10,001 gallons > 5,001 gallons Tier 2 Qualified / Self-Certified
> 10,000 gallons NA Non-Tier Qualified / PE-Certified

Prior spill history

  •    Any facility that has a spill greater than 1,000 gallons, that has reached the Waters of the United States, in the one-year period before the SPCC plan is certified, is not eligible for a “tier qualified” plan.
  •    Any facility that has two or more spills greater than 42 gallons, that has reached the waters of the United States, in the one-year period before the SPCC plan is certified, is not eligible for a “tier qualified” plan.
  •    Any facility that has a spill greater than 1,000 gallons, that has reached the Shores Adjacent to the Waters of the United States, in the three-year period before the SPCC plan is certified, is not eligible for a “tier qualified” plan.
  •    Any facility that has two or more spills greater than 42 gallons, that has reached the Shores Adjacent to the Waters of the United States, in the three-year period before the SPCC plan is certified, is not eligible for a “tier qualified” plan.

SPCC Plan Categories

Tier 1 SPCC

Tier 1 SPCCs are the most basic form of the SPCC. A template has been developed by the US EPA that most businesses use if they qualify as a tier 1 facility. The template consists of the following sections (with the applicable sections of 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) indicated in parentheses):
   I. Self-Certification Statement (§112.6(a)(1))
   II. Record of Plan Review and Amendments Five Year Review (§112.5(b))
   III. Plan Requirements
   1.  Oil Storage Containers (§112.7(a)(3)(i))
   2.  Secondary Containment and Oil Spill Control (§§112.6(a)(3)(i) and (ii), 112.7(c) and 112.9(c)(2))
   3.  Inspections, Testing, Record-keeping and Personnel Training (§§112.7(e) and (f), 112.8(c)(6) and (d)(4), 112.9(c)(3), 112.12(c)(6) and (d)(4))
   4. Security (excluding oil production facilities) §112.7(g)
   5. Emergency Procedures and Notifications (§112.7(a)(3)(iv) and 112.7(a)(5))
   6. Contact List (§112.7(a)(3)(vi))
   7. NRC Notification Procedure (§112.7(a)(4) and (a)(5))
   8. SPCC Spill Reporting Requirements (Report within 60 days) (§112.4)
Additional sections are required for the following kinds of operations:
   A. Onshore Facilities (excluding production) (§§112.8(b) through (d), 112.12(b) through (d))
   B. Onshore Oil Production Facilities (excluding drilling and work-over facilities) (§112.9(b), (c), and (d))
   C. Onshore Oil Drilling and Workover Facilities (§112.10(b), (c) and (d))

Tier 2 SPCCs

Tier 2 SPCCs can be prepared using a template developed by the CalCUPA APSA working group.
IA. Self-Certification Statement (§112.6(b)(1))
IB. Professional Engineer Certification (Optional if the plan does not include alternative measures of environmental equivalence or other alternative measures. (§112.6(b)(4))
II. Record of Plan Review and Amendments, Technical Amendments, Applicable Requirements and PE Certification: (§112.5(a) and (d)), (§112.5(b)(2) and (b)(4))
III. Plan Requirements
1. Facility Diagram
2. Oil Storage Containers (§112.7(a)(3)(i))
3. Oil Spill Control (§112.7(a)(3)(ii) and (iii))
4. Procedures for Discharge Discovery, Response and Cleanup
5. Contact List (§112.7(a)(3)(vi))
6. NRC Notification Procedure (§112.7(a)(4))
7. SPCC Spill Reporting Requirements (§§112.4)
8. Containers With Potential for an Oil Discharge Security (§112.7(b))
9. Containment of Diversionary Structures or Equipment to Prevent Oil Discharge (§112.7(c))
10 Containment Impracticability (§112.7(d)) (Requires PE certification.)
11. Inspection Testing and Recordkeeping (§§112.7(e), 112.8(e)(6) and (d)(4), 112.9(c)(3), 112.12(c)(6) and (d)(4))
12. Personnel Training (§112.7(f))
13. Security (§112.7(g))
14. Facility Tank Car and Tank Truck Loading/Unloading Rack (§112.7 (h))
15. Field Constructed Aboveground Containers (§112.7 (i))
16. Conformance with Other Applicable Requirements (§112.7 (j))
17. Qualified Oil-Filled Operational Equipment (§112.7 (k))
Additional sections are required for the following kinds of operations:
A. Onshore Facilities (excluding production) (§§112.8(b) through (d), 112.12(b) through (d)):
B. Onshore Oil Production Facilities (excluding drilling and work-over facilities) (§112.9(b),(c), and
(d))
C. Onshore Oil Drilling and Work-over Facilities (§112.10(b), (c) and (d)):

SPCCs for Non-Qualified Facilities

Non-qualified facilities cannot self certify an SPCC plan. Instead, the plan must be prepared by a professional engineer. A professional engineer is better equipped to understand the complexities of a larger facility and the consequences of a release. A professional engineer is also allowed more flexibility in fulfilling the requirements of an SPCC with alternative equivalent measures.

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